BedZED – London

BedZED, Picture provided by BioRegional

BedZED, Picture provided by BioRegional

The Beddington Zero Energy Development, or BedZED, is the UK’s best known eco-village. Initiated by BioRegional, BedZED was developed by the Peabody Trust in partnership with BioRegional Development Group and designed by Bill Dunster Architects.
Located in Wallington, South London, BedZED comprises 100 homes, community facilities and workspace for 100 people. Residents have been living at BedZED since March 2002. 82 houses, 17 apartments, and 1,405 m² of workspace were built between 2000-02. (BioRegional)


Architecture

BedZED is built from natural, recycled, or reclaimed materials. Additionally, designers took great consideration of the development’s embodied energy, a measure of the energy required to manufacture a product. (Inhabitat)

Energy
Using passive solar techniques, houses arranged in south facing terraces to maximize heat gain from the sun. Each terrace is backed by north facing offices, where minimal solar gain reduces the tendency to overheat and the need for air conditioning.
A centralized heat and power plant (CHP) provides hot water, which is distributed around the site via a district heating system of super-insulated pipes. The CHP plant at BedZED is powered by off-cuts from tree surgery waste that would otherwise go to landfill. (Inhabitat)

Transport
BedZED’s green transport plan was written into the land purchase contract. The Green Transport Plan reduces car ownership and use in three ways:
1. Offering alternatives to private car travel
2. Promoting public transport
3. Reducing the need to travel

Waste

BedZED has been designed to make it easy to recycle, with the aim of reducing household waste output and to attain a recycling rate of 60%.The BedZED Community Composting scheme turns kitchen and garden waste into a resource for growing food. (BioRegional)

Lifestyle
BioRegional are working to show that eco-construction and developing green lifestyles can be easy, accessible and affordable, and provide a good quality of life (BioRegional).

Consumption
When residents first moved to BedZED a swap shop was set up. Residents took items that they no longer wanted and swapped them with other residents for items that they did For the first year of residency, BioRegional employed a Green Lifestyles Officer, to help residents maximise the green living potential of the development (BioRegional).

Food:
To reduce environmental impacts related to food, the following initiatives were introduced at BedZED:
Local organic box schemes provide local, seasonal, organic produce that supports the local farming industry.
Fruit and vegetable boxes, and a range of organic wines and beers to stock ‘ZEDbar’ are supplied.
Residents have organised a series of on-site local produce markets. Internet shopping with delivery via a Homeport system which allows secure delivery to your home even when you are out. Growing your own food training and equipment was offered to residents to help them grow their own fruit and vegetables, in their gardens and on-site mini allotments (BioRegional).

Literature
– Homepage: http://www.bioregional.com/what-we-do/our-work/bedzed/
http://www.inhabitat.com/2008/01/17/bedzed-beddington-zero-energy-development-london/
http://www.earthfuture.com/community/bedzed.asp
http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2006/may/17/energy.communities
http://www.zedfactory.com

Books:
Sustainable urban design : an environmental approach / edited by Adam Ritchie & Randall Thomas. – 2nd ed. – London : Taylor & Francis, 2009. – XIV, 241 s. : ill. ISBN 978-0-415-44781-2 (ib.),

Dunster, Bill, The ZED book : solutions for a shrinking world / Bill Dunster, Craig Simmons, Bobby Gilbert. – Abingdon : Taylor & Francis, 2008. – XII, 260 s. :ill. På omslaget: Z. ISBN 0-415-39199-7 (h.), 978-0-415-39199-3 (h.)

Harris, Cindy, The whole house book : ecological building design & materials / Cindy Harris and Pat Borer ; illustrations by Graham Preston, Pat Borer and Benedicte Foo. – 2nd ed. – Machynlleth : Centre for Alternative Technology Publications, 2005. – 350 s. : ill. 1. utg. 1998. ISBN 1-902175-22-0 (h.), 978-1-902175-54-6 (ib.)

Hawkes, Dean, Architecture, engineering and environment / Dean Hawkes and Wayne Forster. -London : Laurence King Publ. in association with Arup, 2002. – 239 s. : ill. ISBN 1-85669-322-8 (ib.)

Chan, Yenna, Sustainable environments / Yenna Chan. – Gloucester, Mass. : Rockport Publishers, c2007. – 192 s. : ill. (Contemporary design in detail), ISBN 978-1-59253-230-8 (ib.), 1-59253-230-6 (ib.)

From A to ZED : realising zero (fossil) energy developments (2003) / a publication by Bill Dunster Architects SEDfactory Ltd with the support of the Housing Corporation, Innovation and Good Practice Programme (IGP). – Wallington : Bill Dunster Architects ZEDfactory Ltd., 2003. – X, 172 s. : ill. ISBN 0-9545059-0-5 (h.)

Architectural journals
– Arup Journal 2003 No.1 p.10-16
– A + U: architecture and urbanism, 2004 Aug., n.8(407), p.[80]-86
– Architectural review, 2003 Nov., v.214, n.1281, p.44-48
– Architects’ journal : vol. 218, no. 14, 2003 Oct. 16, p. 4-7.
– Architects’ journal: vol. 218, no. 11, 2003 Sept. 25, p. 12-13
– Architects’ journal, 2003 Sept.25, v.218, n.11, p.12-13
– Architects’ journal: vol. 221, no. 14, 2005 Apr. 14, p. 5
– Architecture, 2003 Apr., v.92, n.4, p.87-89
– A+U: no. 8 (407), 2004 Aug., p. 80-86.
– Architectural review : vol. 214, no. 1281, 2003 Nov., p. 44-48
– Architectural review: vol. 209, no. 1252, 2001 June, p. 75-77
– Building services : vol. 29, no. 2, 2007 Feb., p. 14-16
– Building services :vol. 26, no. 3, 2004 Mar., p. 36-54
– Architecture (New York): vol. 92, no. 4, 2003 Apr., p. 87-91
– Architects’ journal: vol. 218, no. 20, 2003 Nov. 27, p. 32-76
– RIBA journal, 2000 July, v.107, n.7, p.[12]-14,16 ill.

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